Gabion walls are mostly used in road engineering such as roads, embankments, retaining walls, slope guards, water barriers and so on. construction and can have different functions:
- Forming a barrier to prevent soil erosion on shore and stabilization of embankment
- Prevention of slip and spillage
- Reduction of water velocity in preventing water erosion
- Noise protection
- Aesthetic fence structures for gardens
- Aesthetics – gabion walls using natural materials that appear natural and fit the environment
- Compatibility with the environment – the use of material obtained through excavation work significantly reduces purchase and transport costs.
- It is used as cooling system in hot climate conditions and provides passive cooling with air movement
- Water permeability – gabion walls are permeable and will not be damaged when passing through water
- As vegetation fills cavities and strengthens the wall structure, the efficiency of gabion walls may increase over time.
- Floor movements do not adversely affect gabion walls, which are advantageous in terms of rigid structures (reinforced concrete walls).
- Long life – stone blocks are frequently used because of their longevity, durability and stability. Generally, stone is chosen because of its aesthetic qualities or the possibility of using excavation material.
Common gabion basket dimensions are 2.0 x 1.0 x 1.0 m. The galvanized mesh has a hexagonal shape with mesh size X x Y = 8.0 x 10.0 cm.
After stacking, the baskets are connected with galvanized wire to prevent deformation under the weight of the upper gabion rows.
Brocken rocks used as fillings should be made of natural stone resistant to atmospheric effect. Rocks are placed around gabion baskets and placed by machine or hand. After filling, the baskets are closed and the connections to the cages are secured by galvanized steel rings.
Gabion baskets are folded when transported to the construction site for as little space as possible. After transport, the baskets are opened, assembled and prepared for positioning.